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Tisha B'av

Wednesday, July 29, 2020 8 Av 5780

7:30 PM - 9:00 PM




Wed. evening, July 29 -
Thu. evening, July 30



 via zoom, here:

7:30PM - Fast Begins in Scottsdale, AZ

8:00PM - Arvit & Reading of Book of "Eicha" Lamentations



Via zoom, here:

7:00AM - Shacharit - Morning Prayers (Torah reading included)

7:45AM - Book of Lamentations & Stories of the Talmud on challenging times in Jewish history with Rabbi Pinchas Allouche   


THURSDAY NOON, 12pm, July 30

Weekly Q & A 



via zoom, here:

6:45PM - Mincha Prayers (with Tefillin & Torah reading) followed by a short class and Arvit, the evening prayers 

7:57PM - Fast Ends


In the merit of mourning properly over Jerusalem, may we be rewarded to rejoice in its rebuilding,
with the coming of Mashiach, speedily!


Tisha B'Av, the Fast of the Ninth of Av, falls this year from Wednesday evening, July 29, until Thursday evening, July 30. This day is a day of mourning which commemorates many tragedies that have befallen the Jewish nation throughout our history on this somber day, such as the following: 

  • The destruction of the first and second Temples (-both were destroyed on the ninth of Av, the first by the Babylonians in 586 BCE; the second by the Romans in 70 CE). 
  • The city of Bethar was conquered by the Romans in 135 CE, whereby at least 400,000 Jews were murdered.
  • The expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.
  • World War 1, which began the downward slide to the Holocaust, also began on Tisha B'av.  

By carefully observing the laws and customs instituted by our Sages, we are able to connect to our past in an essential manner, and renew our personal and collective effort to merit the building of the Third Temple.


Here’s a short synopsis of the laws and customs of this day of reflection and vision:


Eating and Drinking:

  • All eating and drinking is forbidden. This includes rinsing the mouth and brushing teeth. Rinsing with mouthwash or brushing teeth without water is questionable.
  • Swallowing capsules or bitter tablets or liquid medicine without water is permitted.
  • The ill or elderly as well as pregnant and nursing women are required to fast even if it is difficult, unless a doctor says that fasting may injure health, in which case a competent rabbi should be consulted. 
  • A woman within thirty days of childbirth should not fast.
  • Boys up to thirteen years old and girls up to twelve are not required to fast the entire day.
  • Those not required to fast should eat only what is needed to preserve their health.  


Bathing and Washing 

  • All bathing for pleasure is prohibited even in cold water including the hands, face and feet.
  • Ritual washing upon waking, after using the bathroom, touching covered parts of the body or before praying is permitted, but only up to the knuckles.
  • One may wash dirty or sullied portions of the body (including cleaning the eyes of glutinous material), and if necessary may use soap or warm water to remove the dirt or odor.
  • Washing for cooking or for medical reasons is permitted.
  • A woman may not immerse in the Mikvah on Tisha B'Av since relations are prohibited. Washing to commence the clean days is permitted.



  • Anointing for pleasure is prohibited including oil, soap, alcohol, cream, ointment, perfume, etc.
  • Anointing for medical reasons is permitted, as well as using deodorant to remove bad odor.


Marital Relations

Since cohabitation is prohibited, a husband and wife should not come in contact during the night of Tisha B'Av.


Wearing Leather Shoes

  • Even shoes made partially of leather are prohibited. Shoes made of cloth, rubber or plastic are permitted.
  • One need not incur ridicule of non-Jews because of this prohibition. Therefore if a permitted substitute not were found, one may wear leather shoes. He should deprive himself of comfort by placing sand in the shoes and must remove them when they are no longer needed.
  • Wearing leather shoes is permitted for medical reasons. 

Learning Torah

Since the heart rejoices in the study of Torah, it is prohibited to learn topics other than those relevant to Tisha B'Av or mourning.  

One may learn: Lamentations with its midrash and commentaries, portions of the Prophets that deal with tragedy or destruction, the third chapter of Moed Katan (which deals with mourning), the story of the destruction (in the Babylonian Talmud, Gittin 56b-58a, Sanhedrin 104, and in Josephus), and the halachot of Tisha B'Av and mourning. 


Additional Restrictions

  • One should deprive himself of some comfort in sleep. Some reduce the number of pillows, some sleep on the floor. Pregnant women, the elderly and the ill are exempt.
  • Sitting on a normal chair is forbidden until midday. One may sit on a low bench or chair, or on a cushion on the floor.
  • Greeting someone with "good morning" and the like is prohibited. One who is greeted should answer softly and, if possible, inform the person of the prohibition.
  • One should not give a gift except to the needy.
  • Things that divert one from mourning such as idle talk, reading the newspaper, taking a walk for pleasure, etc. are prohibited.
  • The custom is to refrain until midday from any time-consuming work that diverts one from mourning. 


  • Tefillin are not worn at Shacharit, nor is a blessing made on tzitzit. At Mincha, the tallit gadol and tefillin are worn and while reciting their respective blessings.
  • At Mincha, the prayers Nacheim and Aneinu are added to the Amidah Prayer during the blessing "Veliyerushalayim" and "Shma Koleinu" respectively. " If one forgot them and completed that bracha, he need not repeat the prayer.
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Sat, November 28 2020 12 Kislev 5781